The Caribbean Sea is separated from the ocean by several island arcs of various ages. Some of these include flying fish, moray eels, bull sharks, tiger sharks, Caribbean reef sharks, giant oceanic manta rays, and parrotfish, among many others. Because of its narrow connection to the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf experiences very small tidal ranges. it had been discovered between the years 800 and 1000, "Tsunamis in the Caribbean? The Caribbean Sea is located in the Atlantic Ocean, bordered by Central America and Mexico, the Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, and South America's north coast. Sediments in the South China Sea contain volcanic ash, both in deep and … Annual variations in monthly average water temperatures at the surface do not exceed 3 °C (5.4 °F). Juanillo beach, Dominican Republic. WATER DEPTH - AVERAGE and Reflectance- Intensity collected from LADS Mk II Airborne System in Caribbean Sea and Puerto Rico from 2006-04-07 to 2006-05-15 (NCEI Accession 0153360) These images represent LiDAR (Light Detection & Ranging) data collected by NOAA from the shoreline of southwestern Puerto Rico to about 50 meters in depth. The Mediterranean Sea has an average depth of 1,500 m (4,900 ft) and the deepest recorded point is 5,267 m (17,280 ft) in the Calypso Deep in the Ionian Sea. Salinity also varies from enclosed seas through partially closed seas to open seas. Map with JOSM Remote; View. [23] In the Caribbean Sea there are around 1,000 documented species of fish, including sharks (bull shark, tiger shark, silky shark and Caribbean reef shark), flying fish, giant oceanic manta ray, angel fish, spotfin butterflyfish, parrotfish, Atlantic Goliath grouper, tarpon and moray eels. Coral reefs support some of the most diverse marine habitats in the world, but they are fragile ecosystems. The American yellow warbler is found in many areas, as is the green heron. The Caribbean is home to about 9% of the world's coral reefs covering about 50,000 km2 (19,000 sq mi), most of which are located off the Caribbean Islands and the Central American coast. The sea in which the Caribbean islands are located is the Caribbean Sea. As of 2015[update] the area is home to 22 island territories and borders 12 continental countries. This sea covers an area of approximately 2,754,000 km 2 (1,063,000 square miles). Global Land One-kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) v.1. The Antilles along with Central America lie in the flight path of migrating birds from North America so the size of populations is subject to seasonal fluctuations.Parrots and bananaquits are found in forests. The mahogany is the national tree of the Dominican Republic and Belize. The North Sea is the coldest sea in the world. On the other hand, there are … This type of documented exploration & discoveries is producing dynamic results that are now being published in major scientific journals. [29], Human activity in the area also accounts for a significant amount of pollution, The Pan American Health Organization estimated in 1993 that only about 10% of the sewage from the Central American and Caribbean Island countries is properly treated before being released into the sea. That makes this point one of the lowest points on the surface of the Earth, and the Caribbean Sea is the deepest sea (excluding oceans) in the world. It has an average depth of 7,220 feet or 2,200 meters. According to the National Hurricane Center 385 hurricanes occurred in the Caribbean between 1494 and 1900. p. 124. The Caribbean’s greatest known depth is Cayman Trench (Bartlett Deep) between Cuba and Jamaica, approximately 25,216 feet (7,686 metres) below … [30], A sea of the Atlantic Ocean bounded by North, Central and South America. Pernetta, John. Tropical cyclones are a threat to the nations that rim the Caribbean Sea. The reefs provide an annual income of between $3.1 and $4.6 billion to the Caribbean nations through tourism, diving, and fishing. WATER DEPTH - AVERAGE and Reflectance- Intensity collected from LADS Mk II Airborne System in Caribbean Sea and Puerto Rico from 2006-04-07 to 2006-05-15 … Virtually all temperature extremes were associated with the phenomena of El Niño and La Niña. caribbean sea stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. [28] The area also generates a large fishing industry for the surrounding countries, accounting for 500,000 tonnes (490,000 long tons; 550,000 short tons) of fish a year. 3. The hydrology of the sea has a high level of homogeneity. The deepest points of the sea lie in Cayman Trough with depths reaching approximately 7,686 m (25,220 ft). The Wider Caribbean Region is made up of 35 countries and territories . The Wider Caribbean Region is made up of 35 countries and territories . The Caribbean Sea is one of the largest seas and has an area of about 2,754,000 km2 (1,063,000 sq mi). [27] The black-fronted piping guan is endangered. [13] Among them stands out the Belize Barrier Reef with an area of 963 km2 (372 sq mi) which was declared a World Heritage Site in 1996. The Caribbean Sea is home to 90 mammal species, including dolphins, sperm whales, manatees, humpback whales, and seals, among many others. A 30-year climate analysis reveals an increase in sea surface temperatures in the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the surrounding region. [1][2] The sea's deepest point is the Cayman Trough, between the Cayman Islands and Jamaica, at 7,686 m (25,217 ft) below sea level. The Yucatán Channel between Mexico and Cuba links the Gulf of Mexico with the Caribbean. The result of the death and dispersal of these tiny plants is called coral bleaching, and can lead to the devastation of large areas of reef. The warmest water temperature Caribbean Sea now is 27.5°C/81.5°F (in Kingston), and the coldest sea surface temperature today is 25.1°C/77.2°F (in Caracas). There are 500 species of reptiles (94% of which are endemic). Rainfall varies with elevation, size and water currents (cool upwelling keep the ABC islands arid). (1991). This sea covers an area of approximately 2,754,000 km 2 (1,063,000 square miles). It has an average depth of 2200 meters with a deepest point of 7500 meters below the surface. Use an integer to express this depth.to express this depth.\begin{array}{|l|l|c|c|} \hline… Sea water temperature all along the Caribbean Sea coast warms above 20°C/68°F and it is enough for a comfortable bathing. The principal ocean current is the North Equatorial Current, which enters the region from the tropical Atlantic. Thus, it has a steady inflow from the Atlantic. The Caribbean Sea is teeming with scenic plant life, including corals, seagrass and algae. The average depth of the Caribbean Sea is two and a half kilometers. The 25 Best All-Inclusive Resorts to Visit in 2021. The Caribbean Sea provides approximately 170 million tons of oil every year, making it one of the largest oil producing regions in the world. The youngest stretches from the Lesser Antilles to the Virgin Islands to the north east of Trinidad and Tobago off the coast of Venezuela. The island of Jamaica is home to seals and manatees. The Caribbean Sea (Spanish: Mar Caribe; French: Mer des Caraïbes; Haitian Creole: Lamè Karayib; Jamaican Patois: Kiaribiyan Sii; Dutch: Caraïbische Zee; Papiamento: Laman Karibe) is an American mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere. Many species of fish inhabit the Caribbean Sea and are also very exciting for saltwater fishing. The hydrology of the sea has a high level of homogeneity. Figure 1. depth: 7,686 m (25,217 ft). Clay minerals likely having been deposited by the mainland river Orinoco and the Magdalena River. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24. The water of the Caribbean is warm, clear and has lower salinity levels than the neighbouring Atlantic. The Caribbean Sea sits below the Gulf of Mexico bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the east and Central and South America to the west. Nearly ... At a certain sea depth, the current changes direction and is seen inverted in the opposite direction with current speed becoming null: known as the Ekman spiral. ... Spanish mackerel is a shallow water species, preferring sand bottom in depths of 10 to 40 feet (3 to 12 m), occasionally found as deep as 80 feet. depth induced refraction and shoaling in shallow water. [14] Historically the Caribbean is thought to contain 14% of the world's coral reefs. Some of them are Gulf of Venezuela, Golfo de los Mosquitos, Gulf of Honduras etc. If you are within the 2 days, you will then need to purchase your Shore Excursions on board. It is bounded by Mexico and Central America to the west and south west, to the north by the Greater Antilles starting with Cuba, to the east by the Lesser Antilles, and to the south by the north coast of South America. The name Caribbean is derived from the Caribs, a Native American group that was present when the European explorers began to arrive in the late 1400s. At 22,788 ft, the Caribbean Sea is the deepest sea. [16] A Protocol of the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region came in effect in 1986 to protect the various endangered marine life of the Caribbean through forbidding human activities that would advance the continued destruction of such marine life in various areas. The Caribbean Sea covers an area of about 1,020,000 square miles or 2,640,000 square kilometers. Upper sedimentary layers relate to the period from the Mesozoic to the Cenozoic (250 million years ago to present) and the lower layers from the Paleozoic to the Mesozoic. This map shows a combination of political and physical features. During the first century of development, Spanish dominance in the region remained undisputed. The average depth in oceans is from 3,953ft to 15,215ft. The larger islands in the northern part of the sea Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico lie on an older island arc. National Geophysical Data Center, 1999. 6. Eakins, 2009. SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE TRENDS IN THE CARIBBEAN SEA & THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN. Cayman Trough (located between the Jamaica and Cayman Islands) is the deepest point of the Caribbean Sea with a depth of 25,220 feet or 7,686 meters. The Caribbean's floor is composed of sub-oceanic sediments of deep red clay in the deep basins and troughs. For example, guaiac wood (Guaiacum officinale), the flower of which is the national flower of Jamaica and the Bayahibe rose (Pereskia quisqueyana) which is the national flower of the Dominican Republic and the ceiba which is the national tree of both Puerto Rico and Guatemala. The Caribbean region has seen a significant increase in human activity since the colonization period. depth induced refraction and shoaling in shallow water. The Caribbean Sea is the deepest sea in the world, with average depths of 22, 788 ft (6,946 meters). Iturralde-Vinent, Manuel (2004), The first inhabitants of the Caribbean , Cuban Science Network . The blue iguana, endemic to the island of Grand Cayman, is endangered. For a few centuries the Caribbean Sea was referred to as the North Sea and South Sea. The 15 Best Caribbean Beach Bars for 2021. The Bering Sea covers the surface area for over 2,000,000 square kilometers. Western Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico 07°N to 31°N West of 35°W - Text. For information about seas in general, see ocean. Bering Sea; Gulf of Alaska; Sea of Cortez (Gulf of California) Sea of Okhotsk; Sea of Japan; Seto Inland Sea; East China Sea; South China Sea. Islands are inhabited by some endemic species such as rock iguanas and American crocodile. Thus, the spatial distribution of salinity is studied in two ways e.g. The surface water colour is blue-green to green. [11] The surface water (30 m; 100 feet) acts as an extension of the northern Atlantic as the Guiana Current and part of the North Equatorial Current enter the sea on the east. The 50 Best Restaurants in the Caribbean – 2021. Lower values are represented in purples and blues; higher values are shown in shades of orange and red. In coastal zones there are coconut palms and in lagoons and estuaries are found thick areas of black mangrove and red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle). The Atlantic Ocean is important to the world's weather (as are all oceans) because strong Atlantic hurricanes often develop off the coast of Cape Verde, Africa and move toward the Caribbean Sea from August to November. The Atlantic Ocean is important to the world's weather (as are all oceans) because strong Atlantic hurricanes often develop off the coast of Cape Verde, Africa and move toward the Caribbean Sea from August to November. 4. Analysis of toxic metals and hydrocarbons is based on the investigation of coastal sediments that have accumulated less than 50 meters deep during the last hundred and fifty years. If you are looking only for the sea depth then it is the Caribbean Sea with the max depth of 22788 ft (Max)6946 mts The Mariana Trench is the deepest known point in Earth's oceans. A sea area of salt water of an ocean, or a large, usually salt water, closed lake (for example, the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea). The entire area of the Caribbean Sea, the numerous islands of the West Indies, and adjacent coasts, are collectively known as the Caribbean. The Caribbean hurricane season as a whole lasts from June through November, with the majority of hurricanes occurring during August and September. Representatives of three species belonging to the genus Halophila, (Halophila baillonii, Halophila engelmannii and Halophila decipiens) are found at depths of up to 30 m (98 ft) except for Halophila engelmani which does not grow below 5 m (16 ft) and is confined to the Bahamas, Florida, the Greater Antilles and the western part of the Caribbean. Here is the list of All Caribbean Charts marine charts and fishing maps available on iBoating : Caribbean Marine & Fishing App.Marine charts app now supports multiple plaforms including Android, iPhone/iPad, MacBook, and Windows/PC based chartplotter.The Marine Navigation App provides advanced features of a Marine Chartplotter including adjusting water level offset and custom depth shading. Sea surface temperature increased during the 20 th century and continues to rise. Due to the effects of global warming, the Caribbean Sea's coral reef is threatened. Earth's long-term sea-level history is characterized by widespread continental flooding in the Cretaceous period (∼145 to 65 million years ago), followed by gradual regression of inland seas. The Caribbean Sea has the world's second largest barrier reef, the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef. In the Caribbean, 600 species of birds have been recorded, of which 163 are endemic such as todies, Fernandina's flicker and palmchat. The rhinoceros iguana from the island of Hispaniola which is shared between Haiti and the Dominican Republic is also endangered. From 1901 through 2015, temperature rose at an average rate of 0.13°F per decade (see Figure 1). It has an average depth of 2200 meters with a deepest point of 7500 meters below the surface. The 15 Best Caribbean Beach Bars for 2021. The salinity of seawater is about 3.6% and its density is 1,023.5–1,024.0 kg/m3 (63.90–63.93 lb/cu ft). Where there are porous limestone terraced islands these are generally poor in nutrients. During the past ten years,[when?] The five oceans join together to form one large body of saline water commonly known as the world ocean, which has an average depth of 3,688 meters. The complete area of the Caribbean Sea, including its numerous islands, is known as the Wider Caribbean. The massive demand for the independence of the Caribbean colonies from European countries began in … The Caribbean remained like this for most of the Cenozoic until the Holocene when rising water levels of the oceans restored communication with the Atlantic Ocean. With a few exceptions, the Caribbean Sea is more than 6,000 feet deep with many sections exceeding 12,000 feet in depth. The vegetation of the region is mostly tropical but differences in topography, soil and climatic conditions increase species diversity. The Caribbean Islands contain several of nearly 200 countries illustrated on our Blue Ocean Laminated Map of the World. A 30-year climate analysis reveals an increase in sea surface temperatures in the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the surrounding region. Guide to the Oceans. High Seas. It is believed to have formed when a horizontal fracture occurred and split Pangea during the Mesozoic Era. It is estimated that 13,000 species of plants grow in the Caribbean of which 6,500 are endemic. It is estimated that the Caribbean Sea is between 160 and 180 million years old. Africa Asia Aus & Pacific Europe Latin America N America S America Mid East. VAR 3.5°5'E (2015) ANNUAL DECREASE 8' Edit. Its average depth is about 3,688 meters (12,100 ft), and its maximum depth is 10,994 meters (6.831 mi) at the Mariana Trench. The water of the Caribbean is warm, clear and has lower salinity levels than the neighbouring Atlantic. Mangrove visual survey The data examined in the present study were part of a long-term (1998 to 2009) fish survey known as the Mangrove Visual Survey (MVS) (see full descrip-tion in Serafy et al. Sea-Seek - Distance Calculator. Elder, Danny and Pernetta, John. WATER DEPTH - AVERAGE and Reflectance- Intensity collected from LADS Mk II Airborne System in Caribbean Sea and Puerto Rico from 2006-04-07 to 2006-05-15 … The data depicted shows average salinity from May 27 to June 2, 2012, in a range from 30 to 40 grams per kilogram, with 35 grams being the average. Amante, C. and B.W. The variation in salinity is both horizontal and vertical (with depth). Pernetta, John. The geological age of the Caribbean Sea is estimated to be between 160 and 180 million years and was formed by a horizontal fracture that split the supercontinent called Pangea in the Mesozoic Era. The word Caribbean is derived from … The North Sea is the coldest sea in the world. The following table lists the world's oceans and seas, according to area and average depth, including the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Arctic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Bering Sea, and more. The sea is one of the largest oil production areas in the world, producing approximately 170 million tons[clarification needed] per year. The complete area of the Caribbean Sea, including its numerous islands, is known as the Wider Caribbean. After Christopher Columbus landed in the Bahamas in 1492, the Spanish term Antillas applied to the lands; stemming from this, "Sea of the Antilles" became a common alternative name for "Caribbean Sea" in various European languages. The name "Caribbean" derives from the Caribs, one of the region's dominant Native American groups at the time of European contact during the late 15th century. Average daytime sea surface temperatures, based … The region has a high level of biodiversity and many species are endemic to the Caribbean. There are several gulfs and bays along the Caribbean Sea's shore including the Gulf of Venezuela, the Gulf of Gonave, the Golfo de los Mosquitos, the Gulf of Darien, the Gulf of Paria, and the Gulf of Honduras. While landfalls are infrequent, the resulting loss of life and property damage makes them significant hazard to life in the Caribbean. Top view from drone. Solenodons and hutias are mammals found only in the Caribbean; only one extant species is not endangered. Nations bordering the Caribbean Sea include Antigua and Barbuda, Trinidad and Tobago, Bahamas, Suriname, Barbados, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, St. Lucia, Columbia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Costa Rica, Panama, Cuba, Nicaragua, Dominica, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, United States, Honduras, Grenada, Haiti, Guatemala, and Guyana. We can find two different kinds. Many famous works of literature by celebrated authors, and several feature films have focused on the Caribbean Sea and its islands, including Pirates of the Caribbean, and works by authors such as Earnest Hemmingway. Deposits on the bottom of the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico have a thickness of about 1 km (0.62 mi). The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Caribbean Sea as follows:[5], Note that, although Barbados is an island on the same continental shelf, it is considered to be in the Atlantic Ocean rather than the Caribbean Sea.[6]. ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. As stated earlier, oceans are large water bodies that exist on the earth's surface. These plants provide food for the corals, and give them their color. Another type shoal grass (Halodule wrightii) grows on sand and mud surfaces at depths of up to 5 m (16 ft). The maximum depth is 700 meters (2,300 feet) and average depth is 95 meters (312 feet) below the sea’s surface. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books, Inc. p. 178. Sea surface temperature has been consistently higher during the past three decades than at any other time since reliable observations began in 1880 (see Figure 1). [17] Also, several charitable organisations have been formed to preserve the Caribbean marine life, such as Caribbean Conservation Corporation which seeks to study and protect sea turtles while educating others about them. In brackish water of harbours and estuaries at depths less than 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) widgeongrass (Ruppia maritima) grows. On the western side of the sea the trade winds influence a northerly current which causes an upwelling and a rich fishery near Yucatán.[12]. According to Birdlife International in 2006 in Cuba 29 species of bird are in danger of extinction and two species officially extinct. Cayman Trough (located between the Jamaica and Cayman Islands) is the deepest point of the Caribbean Sea with a depth of 25,220 feet or 7,686 meters. Our team, by using the manned submersible Curasub, facilitates the exploration of the deep reefs around Curacao & the Greater Caribbean, allowing Marine Biologists from all over the world to explore the twilight zone of the Caribbean Sea down to 1000ft (300m). 2001). The pressure of the South American Plate to the east of the Caribbean causes the region of the Lesser Antilles to have high volcanic activity. This sea is bordered on east and northeast by Alaska, on the west by Russian Far East and the Kamchatka Peninsula, on the south by the Alaska Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands and on the far north by the Bering Strait. 4. For comparison, the Sea of Marmara—an inland sea located entirely in Turkey—is one of the smallest at 11,350 square kilometers. In the early Paleogene due to Marine regression the Caribbean became separated from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean by the land of Cuba and Haiti. From 1901 through 2015, temperature rose at an average rate of 0.13°F per decade (see Figure 1). The South China Sea . There are 90 species of mammals in the Caribbean including sperm whales, humpback whales and dolphins. Following the colonization of the Caribbean islands, the Caribbean Sea became a busy area for European-based marine trading and transports, and this commerce eventually attracted pirates such as Samuel Bellamy and Blackbeard. All 170 species of amphibians that live in the region are endemic. The Caribbean coastline has many gulfs and bays: the Gulf of Gonâve, Gulf of Venezuela, Gulf of Darién, Golfo de los Mosquitos, Gulf of Paria and Gulf of … [18], In connection with the foregoing, the Institute of Marine Sciences and Limnology of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, conducted a regional study, funded by the Department of Technical Cooperation of the International Atomic Energy Agency, in which specialists from 11 Latin American countries (Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Dominican Republic, Venezuela) plus Jamaica participated. Warm, moist trade winds blow consistently from the east, creating both rain forest and semi arid climates across the region. The Caribbean Sea is home to the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef - the second largest barrier reef in the world. Despite this, the Caribbean Sea is considered a relatively shallow sea in comparison to other bodies of water. Taro Hama @ e-kamakura / Getty Images • Area: 895,400 square miles (2,319,000 sq km) • Average depth: 5,419 feet (1,652 m) • Ocean: Pacific Ocean. Other big seas include the Caribbean, the South China Sea, and the Bering Sea in the Pacific. There are more than 1,000 known fish species that can be found in the Caribbean Sea. Virtually all temperature extremes were associated with the phenomena of El Niño and La Niña. The climate of the area is tropical, varying from tropical rainforest in some areas to tropical savanna in others. It is connected to part of the Atlantic Ocean through the Florida Straits between the U.S. and Cuba, and with the Caribbean Sea via the Yucatán Channel between Mexico and Cuba. During the Cretaceous the Caribbean acquired the shape close to that seen today. 21st Century. There are five different oceans, the Pacific Ocean being the largest with a depth of around 10,924 meters, and the Arctic Ocean is the smallest with a depth of 5,625 meters. Of the endemic species 48 are threatened with extinction including the Puerto Rican amazon, and the Zapata wren. unusually warm Caribbean waters have been increasingly threatening Caribbean coral reefs. Throughout the Caribbean there is industrial catching of lobster and sardines (off the coast of Yucatán Peninsula). Atlantic deep water is thought to spill into the Caribbean and contribute to the general deep water of its sea. About Caribbean Sea: The Facts: Area: 1,063,000 sq mi (2,754,000 sq km). Depth . When tropical waters become unusually warm for extended periods of time, microscopic plants called zooxanthellae, which are symbiotic partners living within the coral polyp tissues, die off. Following the discovery of the islands by Columbus, the area was quickly colonized by several Western cultures (initially Spain, then later England, the Dutch Republic, France, Courland and Denmark). The deepest site in this sea is the Cayman Trench between Cuba and Jamaica at 7500 m below the surface, although average depth is 2200 m (Spalding et al. Turtle grass (Thalassia testudinum) is common in the Caribbean as is manatee grass (Syringodium filiforme) which can grow together as well as in fields of single species at depths up to 20 m (66 ft). There are many bays and gulfs along the sea’s coastline. Continued destruction of the reefs could severely damage the region's economy. • Marine Park: See snapper, grouper, star coral, the occasional turtle, and big barrel sponges as your cruise through the depths of the sea. The porous limestone terraces of the islands are generally nutrient-poor. Travel-image caribbean sea stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Over the past fifty years the Caribbean has gone through three stages: cooling until 1974; a cold phase with peaks during 1974–1976 and 1984–1986 then; a warming phase with an increase in temperature of 0.6 °C (1.1 °F) per year. Max. Oceans & Seas of the World from Global Sea Temperatures. The propagation scheme is described by ... (Cardone and Resio, 1998) outside the Caribbean Sea and there is no reason to believe that the high level of skill achieved in general with this wave model does not apply here. The Bahamas is the Caribbean nation with the most islands, at roughly 700. [28], The Caribbean region supports a large tourism industry. The average salinity in the oceans and the seas is 35%o but it spatially and temporally varies in differ­ent oceans, seas, and lakes. Sea surface temperature has been consistently higher during the past three decades than at any other time since reliable observations began in 1880 (see Figure 1). The Caribbean sea floor is divided into five basins separated from each other by underwater ridges and mountain ranges. The deepest site in this sea is the Cayman Trench between Cuba and Jamaica at 7500 m below the surface, although average depth is 2200 m (Spalding et al. The Random House atlas of the oceans. Interesting Caribbean Sea Facts: The deepest part of the Caribbean Sea is the Cayman Trench, located between Jamaica and Cuba. Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean is the deepest, 36,200 ft deep. The mean depth of the sea is 1,640 m. See also: New York : Random House. Halophila baillonii has been found only in the Lesser Antilles.[22]. The maximum depth of the Sea of Japan is 12,277 feet and the average depth is 5,748 feet. The 50 Best Restaurants in the Caribbean – 2021. Royal Caribbean International Shore Excursions on board Atlantic Ocean to the Caribbean, the Caribbean Sea is the coldest in! Temperatures at the bottom of the Ocean by several island arcs of various.! 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Southern Ocean controlled depths of up to 100-feet, with 5 reaching hurricane strength 63.90–63.93... And Gulf of Mexico 07°N to 15°N between 55°W and 60°W -.. Is known as the Europeans quickly colonized the region defining what is an is! Differences in topography, soil and climatic conditions increase species diversity political and physical features depth of 2200 meters a! Caribbean is considered extinct depths of up to 2 days, you will then need to purchase your Excursions. Tro beach in the early Carboniferous movement of Gondwana to the North Equatorial,. Of about 1,020,000 square miles or 2,640,000 square kilometers shades of orange and red inflow from the Atlantic Ocean the... Kg/M3 ( 63.90–63.93 lb/cu ft ) temperatures are similar to those of the islands are by. 7500 meters below the Gulf of Venezuela, Golfo de los Mosquitos, Gulf of Mexico, and them... By some endemic species 48 are threatened with extinction including the Puerto Rican amazon and... 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