Each student interacts with primary and... Get Free Access See Review. Source: Congress, House, Committee on Un-American Activities, Investigation of Communist Activities, New York Area (Entertainment): Hearings, 84th Congress, August 18, 1955, " In 1954, as France was losing its battle to regain control of its prewar colony of Indochina—a war funded substantially with U.S. dollars—Congressional leaders refused to support an Eisenhower-Dulles resolution to intervene militarily. ", "Wisconsin Republican Joseph R. McCarthy first won election to the Senate in 1946 during a campaign marked by much anticommunist Red-baiting. Suggests the skepticism of the West at the protestations of peace coming from the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Stalin's Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939-1953. This includes over 10,000 veterans in the Veterans History Project archive who served during the period known as the Cold War era. Source: Congress, House, Committee on Un-American Activities, Hearings Regarding the Communist Infiltration of the Motion Picture Industry, 80th Congress, 1st Session, October 1947 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1947); “A Statement by John Howard Lawson,” published in Gordon Kahn, Hollywood on Trial (New York, 1948); quoted in Thirty Years of Treason: Excerpts from Hearings before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, 1938–1968, Eric Bentley, ed. The collection contains documents from archives in most of the former Soviet bloc countries. Includes a section of primary source documents. See the appendix for primary source documents. are introduced, scanned (image shown), and translated into English. George F. (“X”) Kennan, Sources of Soviet Conduct. The final items discuss Stalin's death and the fate of some of his ministers. Many topics are covered, including the "German Question," the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Ethiopian Civil War, Jimmy Carter's presidency, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Many of the above works contain bibliographies. Cold War Primary Source Documents. While the Cold War may not have involved a formal declaration of war or clearly delineated front lines, it was anything but peaceful. Each guide includes a short writeup on the landscape of the field of study, links to relevant primary source collections at CRL, and links out to related sources. The obvious difference was communism, which took away freedoms from everyday people. A primary source is a document, image, or artifact that provide first hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a historical event and/or topic. Primary source databases for Modern History. ", "This is a collection of primary source documents covering the collapse of the Soviet Union during the late 1980s. Propaganda of soviet union & communist/socialist countries During (even before and after) the Cold War, the communist/socialist countries viewed capitalist countries as "greedy pigs". Topics broadly covered include issues of economic growth and dearth, requests for aid in light of shortages, and international … Harry Truman's Dismissal of Douglas MacArthur Continue reading → ", "Documents on the often adversarial relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. They have been selected, transcribed and compiled by Alpha History authors. Origins of the Cold War. English language. Here, we present stories of the Cold War, told by veterans in their own words. flyers, pamphlets and broadsides. "This collection of primary source documents discusses international relations during World War II and the years shortly after. Perestroika is sometimes argued to be one of the most important causes of the 1989 democratic revolutions in Eastern Europe, the end of the Cold War, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union. letters, correspondence and diaries. The Cold War is a term used to describe a tense relationship primarily between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that never resulted in any direct warfare, but did result in many crises. This collection of Cold War documents contains primary sources from the period 1945 to 1991. The collection--made up of intelligence assessments, National Intelligence Estimates, high-level memos, and DCI talking points--consists of over 200 documents, some 60 of which are either being made available to the public for the first time or are being re-released with new material. The collection contains documents from archives in most of the former Soviet bloc countries. The Center for Research Libraries has a number of microfilmed collections, international newspapers, and official documents from countries outside the U.S. (revised 7/30/92) ***** Original 25 Documents from the Soviet Archives From the Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum & Boyhood Home. Partially in response to Republican Party victories, President Harry S. Truman tried to demonstrate his own concern about the threat of Communism by setting up a loyalty program for federal employees. Life in the the Soviet Union during the Cold War was very different from life in the US. Matlock, Jr. Jack F., Autopsy on an Empire: The American Ambassador's Account of the Collapse of the Soviet Union, Random House, 1995, ISBN 0-679-41376-6; Oberdorfer, Don. ", "This collection of declassified documents and other material highlights what the CIA provided President Reagan and other top members of his national security team on key issues affecting US-Soviet relations. The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II.This hostility between the two superpowers was first given its name by George Orwell in an article published in 1945. ", Access materials in the Eisenhower Archives related to the U-2 Incident - May 1, 1960 "an American U-2 spy plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers was shot down over Soviet air space. Shearer, D. (2018). WORLD WAR 3 seemed likely to unfold during the height of the Cold War, but the Royal Navy had a submarine capable of 'causing world-ending destruction' on standby and … Education and the Economy of the Soviet Union circa 1950-1990 For Teachers 9th - 12th. The Marshall Plan To help put this material in perspective, we are also including non-CIA documents from the archives of the Reagan Library to fill out the collection on the policy end. newspaper and periodical articles. Further reading. Library of Congress. The documents come mostly from the 1950s, and from Russian archives. Materials relating to the Cold War available from the Kennedy Library's Digital Archives. If you know of similar sources you would like to suggest for this post, please leave a comment with its bibliographical information. (example: civil war diary). The Cold War was a global political and ideological struggle between capitalist and communist countries, led by the two surviving superpowers of the postwar world: the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Drawn largely from the Chinese Foreign Ministry Archives, this collection sheds light on China's relations with India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan in particular. A comprehensive current news database, contains hundreds of local, regional, national, and international news sources. ", "In the 1980s, the Cold War was going strong and was made worse by events such as the death of three Soviet leaders in a span of three years, the Soviet shootdown of a Korean airliner, and the USSR's support for Communist governments and movements in Afghanistan and Central America. "South Asia was one of the most important regions in China's international relations and foreign policy. "A compilation of archival film clips beginning with the first atomic bomb detonation in the New Mexico desert. The Hydrogen Bomb. A few secondary sources may lurk, but these consist primarily of primary sources. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This post features primary sources related to the Cold War with an emphasis on Soviet documents and the Soviet Union’s participation in the conflict. These documents are all varied in topic and geographical coverage, ranging from the 1950s to the 1980s, and coming from Russian, Bulgarian, and Romanian archives. -G.D This site was developed by the National Archives. Note: Documents on the Chinese Revolution and Vietnam War are available on our dedicated sites. All of the interviews were conducted in the person's native language, but the interviews were translated, on the fly, into English. Until then, the United States had been the only atomic power, and the only nation that had ever used the atomic bomb in the attack on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which rapidly led to a … Cold War tensions became even stronger when the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb in 1949. From Reconstruction to the present, The Novikov, Kennan, and Roberts "long telegrams" of 1946: With Three New Commentaries, The Correspondence of George F. Kennan and John Lukacs, The Cold War, the German Question, and the First Major Upheaval Behind the Iron Curtain. If you know of similar sources you would like to suggest for this post, please leave a comment with its bibliographical information. During this time period, the United States drew on the talents of a willing cadre of men and women who chose to join the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force and Coast Guard. A selection of books/e-books available in Trible Library. As such, many people now view the Cold War as a conflict of the left and right sides of the spectrum, among other things. The following are some of the North American repositories of these types of documents. Revelations from the Russian Archives. There is some dispute about the number of Communists McCarthy claimed to have known about. Click the title for location and availability information. The majority of the documents are reports, telegrams, and memorandums that come from Russian archives. The collection includes mainly bilateral agreements for cooperation between Communist countries and domestic intelligence reports from Bulgaria.". Also included are oral histories, photographs, biographies, a chronology, and lesson plans. The Korean War is relevant because it was one of the numerous events during the time period of The Cold War. Diplomatic Correspondence During the Invasion of South Korea. They also include memoirs written later. The Long Telegram was perhaps the most cited and most influential statement of the early years of the Cold War. Both in a letter he wrote to President Truman the next day and in an “official” transcript of the speech that McCarthy submitted to the Congressional Record ten days later he uses the number 57. Written primary sources are first-hand accounts from people who witnessed or were involved in the events being described. The documents mainly come from Russian and Bulgarian archives. "This is a loosely related collection of primary source documents that discuss economic issues during the Cold War period. The Long War: A New History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World War II (2007) Cummings, Richard H. Radio Free Europe's Crusade for Freedom: Rallying Americans Behind Cold War Broadcasting 1950-1960 (2010) Gaddis, John Lewis. English language. Motivated not only by love of country and family tradition by also by the opportunities for education and travel offered by the military, these individuals served in a wide variety of non-combat roles. Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System Digital Collection: Interviews and Manuals: A Finding Aid, HIST 242: Communism, Cold War, Collapse: Russia Since Stalin, Remote Resources and Guidance for Library Users, Seventeen Moments in Soviet History (1917-1991), JPRS: Joint Publications Research Service Reports, FBIS: Foreign Broadcast Information Service, FOCUS on Global Resources (CRL Newsletter), CRL Topic Guide: Russia and the Former Soviet Republics, FOCUS: Eastern and Southeastern Europe (2006-2007), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. The edited testimony is accompanied by audio excerpts. PBS. Cold War: Primary Sources tells the story of the Cold War in the words of the people who lived and shaped it. ", "The Harvard Project on Cold War Studies promotes archival research in former East-bloc countries and seeks to expand and enrich what is known about Cold War events and themes. Propaganda of soviet union & communist/socialist countries During (even before and after) the Cold War, the communist/socialist countries viewed capitalist countries as "greedy pigs". A picture of the thermo-nuclear device tested by the U.S. at the Elugelab test island in the Marshall Islands . Though advance copies of this speech distributed to the press record the number as 205, McCarthy quickly revised this claim. "Although Cold War-era fears often focused on Communism and atomic warfare, the following 1949 editorial in the popular magazine Collier’s showed concern about a broader threat to core American values posed by extremism, terrorism, and indoctrination of the country’s youth. Collection of Cold War related documents provided by the Yale Avalon Project. They have been selected, transcribed and compiled by Alpha History authors. Look up Soviet Union and much more. 1956 Hungarian Revolution: A History in Documents, America in the Cold War: A Reference Guide, At Cold War's End : US Intelligence on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1989-1991, The Cold War (Great Speeches in History Series), The Cold War: Interpreting Conflict through Primary Documents, James R. Arnold (Editor); Roberta Wiener (Editor), Cold War and McCarthy Era: People and Perspectives, The Cold War Through Documents: A Global History, Edward H. Judge (Editor); John W. Langdon (Editor), Conflicts in American History: A Documentary Encyclopedia, Daily Life of U. S. Soldiers: From the American Revolution to the Iraq War [3 Volumes], Christopher R. Mortenson (Editor); Paul J. Springer (Editor), Defining Documents in American History: The Cold War (1945-1991), George F. Kennan and the Origins of Containment, 1944-1946, The Kitchen Debate and Cold War Consumer Politics, Masterpieces of History: The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Eastern Europe, 1989, McCarthyism : The Great American Red Scare, McCarthyism and the Red Scare: A Reference Guide, The Nordic Countries in the Early Cold War, 1944-51, Tony Insall (Editor); Patrick Salmon (Editor), State Department Employee Loyalty Investigation, Uniting Germany: Documents and Debates, 1944-1993, The World Transformed: 1945 to the present. Documents on British policy overseas. Some very valuable documents and archival collections related to the history of Russia and the Soviet Union, documents and collections largely relayed by émigrés from Russia and the Soviet Union, are held by a number of North American research institutions. Russian Research Center. Lesson Planet . 6. Hesb Gen D 842 .W56 2003; Cold war perceptions : Romania's policy change towards the Soviet Union, 1960-1964; Origins of the Cold War : the Novikov, Kennan, and Roberts "long telegrams" of 1946. The documents come from archives in many different Soviet bloc countries. The single document that best illustrated American suspicion of Soviet aspirations was George Kennan’s famous Long Telegram of 1946. They discuss the changes occurring in Eastern Europe and the Tiananmen Square events in China. The collection--made up of intelligence assessments, National Intelligence Estimates, high-level memos, and DCI talking points--consists of over 200 documents, some 60 of which are either being made available to the public for the first time or are being re-released with new material. From colonial times to Reconstruction -- v. 2. The Korean War commenced on 25 June 1950 when communist North Korea, backed by the imposing Soviet equipment invaded the South. Both the United States and the Soviet Union faced additional, though contrasting economic problems during the 1970s. Soviet Response to the Truman Doctrine at the United Nations. . Nevertheless, the program did not prevent friction from developing between the Soviet Union and … Includes writings by famous Marxists, transcribed correspondence, and a brief encyclopedia (remember: this is an encyclopedia written by Marxists.org). Both spent billions of dollars and roubles on a myriad of Cold War-related activities, from weaponry to propaganda. They include material from archives that had been key working files of the Communist rulers until August 1991: the archives of the Central Committee, the Presidential archive, and the KGB. ... A select list of notable primary sources related to the Soviet Union during World War II. A glossary, chronology and list of key individuals follows the document list for reference. The collection contains documents from archives in most of the former Soviet bloc countries. It also includes newly-declassified documents that may be of interest to novices and experts alike. These documents are all varied in topic and geographical coverage, ranging from the 1950s to the 1980s, and coming from Russian, Bulgarian, and Romanian archives. Primary Source Media: The Cold War The Cold War was a global political and ideological struggle between capitalist and communist countries, led by the two surviving superpowers of the postwar world: the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). In March 1947, Truman asked Congress for money “to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” Thus articulated, the “Truman Doctrine” of containment served as the rationale for future American Cold War foreign policy initiatives.". . Books are a key resource for information about the Soviet Union from 1917-1985. posters, art & music. Written primary sources are first-hand accounts from people who witnessed or were involved in the events being described. ", "These documents provide an unprecedented inside look at the workings of one of the largest, most powerful and long-lived political machines of the modern era. ", "The Overseas Chinese were often at the forefront of the People’s Republic of China’s relationships with the United States, Vietnam, Korea, and Indonesia, among other countries, during the Cold War, and were a major object of the struggle between the Communists on Mainland China and the Nationalists on Taiwan. Diplomatic Correspondence During the Invasion of South Korea. But the documents that the Library of Congress has here chosen from the 500 made available from the Russian archives cover the entire range of Soviet history from the October Revolution of 1917 to the failed coup of August 1991. and (Image: A crowd of West German … newspaper and … CRL's quarterly newsletter with themed issues. The Cold War (1945-1991) was a confrontation, both military and ideological, between two superpowers, the capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union (and their respective allies), made all the more tense by the threat of nuclear war. Includes Moscow News, ITAR-TASS, and others. The National Security Archive supplies a large quantity of Cold War primary source material accessible by country listing, including topics of the Soviet Estimate U.S. Coverage for many Russian sources starts in 2013 and continues to the present. The Marshall Plan. A collection of digital facsimiles of transcripts of interviews conducted with Soviet émigrés to West Germany, Austria, and the United States, in 1950 and 1951. The subject headings listed in this section can be used to find books related to this topic in any library catalog which uses Library of Congress Subject Headings, including CSU's Library Catalog (it is not an exhaustive list). The collection contains documents from archives in most of the former Soviet bloc countries. Source: Congress, House, Committee on Un-American Activities, Hearings Regarding the Communist Infiltration of the Motion Picture Industry, 80th Congress, 1st Session, in William Bruce Wheeler and Susan D. Becker Discovering the American Past: A Look at the Evidence, Volume II: Since 1865, (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990), 280–83. This detailed two-volume set tells the story of the Cold War, the dominant international event of the second half of the 20th century, through a diverse selection of primary source documents. The X Article, "The Sources of Soviet Conduct," Foreign Affairs, July 1947. 1947 . The UN was later called upon to aid the South into repelling the heavily built Soviet tanks in the North. The Cold War; Collections of primary sources found at the Avalon Project, including Soviet-American Diplomacy. The Cold War is a term used to describe a tense relationship primarily between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that never resulted in any direct warfare, but did result in many crises. notes from interviews. "Though the term “veteran” is often uttered in the same breath as “war,” many of America’s veterans served during times of peace. As the midterm election year got underway, former State Department official Alger Hiss, suspected of espionage, was convicted of perjury. Examples of Primary Sources. Books on Russia and the Soviet Union The Bolshevik revolution, 1917-1918; documents and materials by by … ", Cold War International History Project Bulletin Issue 16 Fall 2007/Winter 2008, "This is a collection of primary source documents that discuss intelligence issues during the Cold War. The collapse of the Soviet Union, 1985-1991 (Routledge, 2016). It begins with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed in 1939 and ends with documents from the 1950’s. Soviet time period documents collected for an exhibit. Harry Truman's Dismissal of Douglas MacArthur : An Anthology of Governmental Explanations, Instructions and Warnings from the 1940s to the 1960s, "This collection presents 122 top-level Soviet, European and American records on the superpowers' role in the annus mirabilis of 1989. End of the Cold War "This is a collection of primary source documents covering the collapse of the Soviet Union during the late 1980s. Also search by subject for specific people and events, then scan the titles for those keywords or others such as memoirs, autobiography, report, or personal narratives. The Cold War was a political, economic, and military confrontation between capitalism and communism that lasted from 1945 to 1991, but it continues to influence our lives today. The X Article, "The Sources of Soviet Conduct," Foreign Affairs, July 1947. Intercontinental ballistic missiles added significantly to the USSR’s security at the height of the Cold War in the early 1980s, when then-US President Ronald Reagan notoriously referred to the Soviet Union … End of the Cold War "This is a collection of primary source documents covering the collapse of the Soviet Union during the late 1980s. The Cold War arms race was a costly business for the superpowers. From 1945 to 1991, the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) engaged in the Cold War, a conflict in which the communist Soviet Union and the democratic United States competed for influence over countries around the world. Life in the the Soviet Union during the Cold War was very different from life in the US. This is a loosely related collection of primary source documents that discuss economic issues during the Cold War period. The first major cause of the Cold War was the increased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union at the end of World War II. These case studies add another dimension to our understanding of life on the American homefront during World War II and the domestic Cold War. Under Stalin, the state had total control over all media, and anyone caught reading, watching, or listening to any not permitted by the government was severely punished. Click the title to see available speeches. Walter Lippman, "The Cold War," Critique of the X Article, July 1947. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Primary Sources: Russia, U.S.S.R., Soviet Union: Cold War. The Marshall Plan Speech. The philosophy of détente is much more sophisticated and difficult to grasp. George F. Kennan, "X," "The Sources of Soviet Conduct," Foreign Affairs, July 1947. Library of Congress's Documents from the Soviet Archives. U.N., Plan of Work Adopted by the Commission for Conventional Armaments, July 8, 1947 . official documents, diaries, memoirs, correspondence. They discuss the changes occurring in Eastern Europe and the Tiananmen Square events in China. The Potsdam Agreement. An important feature of this Plan is the attempt to confront the - countries of Eastern Europe with a bloc of Western European States including Western Germany. Under Stalin, the state had total control over all media, and anyone caught reading, watching, or listening to any not permitted by the government was severely punished. Although McCarthy displayed this list of names both in Wheeling and then later on the Senate floor, he never made the list public.". Contact reference@carleton.edu. This comprehensive collection of carefully edited documents--speeches, treaties, statements, and articles--traces the rise and fall of the Cold War. Questions? (11 March 1985; English transcription) Soviet Memo on Reagan; Yakovlev prepared this for Gorbachev. Primary Sources (1) Georgi Arbatov, Soviet Central Committee, interview, (1983) In a cold-war environment, everything moves on the level of a cheap western. ", "In the following excerpt from a letter dated July 23, 1946, Wallace urged Truman to build “mutual trust and confidence” in order to achieve “an enduring international order.” Truman asked Wallace to resign. Its key components included glasnost (open discussion of political and social issues), market-like economic reforms, and political and ideological relaxation. ", "Includes a narrative overview, biographies, primary sources, chronology, glossary, bibliography, and index", : An American Correspondent's Journal from the Chinese Civil War to the Cuban Missile Crisis and Vietnam, v. 1. Topics discussed include Stalin's economic opinions and his views on the situation in East Germany. The article focused on Kennan’s call for a policy of containment toward the Soviet Union and established the foundation for much of America’s early Cold War foreign policy. They discuss the changes occurring in Eastern Europe and the Tiananmen Square events in China." He also asked the Justice Department to compile an official list of 78 subversive organizations. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. The Cold War, between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a driving force behind the space race. The images do not comprise the complete documents; they are sample pages from the documents. To help put this material in perspective, we are also including non-CIA documents from the archives of the Reagan Library to fill out the collection on the policy end. These documents are ...coming from Russian, Bulgarian, and Romanian archives. They discuss the changes occurring in Eastern Europe and the Tiananmen Square events in China." The references below feature the strengths of CRL's holdings. Source: Congress, House, Committee on Un-American Activities, Hearings Regarding the Communist Infiltration of the Motion Picture Industry, 80th Congress, 1st Session, October 23–24, 1947 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1947). (New York: Viking Press, 1971), 161–65. From the Cold War to a New Era: The United States and the Soviet Union, 1983-1991 (2nd ed. 1 drawing. The footage, much of it produced as government propaganda, follows the story of the bomb through the two atomic attacks on Japan that ended World War II to the bomb's central role in the cold war. Date range: 1945-1991 Geographical focus: International A timeline of Cold War history and a digital collection of archival material relating to the Cold War, from a number of different countries. As in any modern archive, there is more bureaucratic verbiage and fewer instant revelations than one might hope for. Documents for this theme highlight the nature of the Cold War including the conflict over Berlin in 1948, the blockade and airlift. They also include memoirs written later. Any modern archive, there is some dispute about the number of microfilmed Collections, newspapers... Department to compile an official list of Cold War Soviet equipment invaded the South into the! 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