Develop the Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy to strengthen young people’s connection to family, community and culture, and put in place the interventions and supports needed to reduce offending. During the same year(2004), a total of 28,600 individuals were charged in Canada for offences committed on-reserve including 17,126 individuals charged with non-violentf fences, which are the type of offences that are typically referred to the community-based justice programs. Conclusions, Reccommendations and Management Response. Activities listed in the preceding subsection are expected to contribute to the achievement of the following initial outcomes: The AJS activities are also expected to contribute to the achievement of three intermediate outcomes: Finally, the AJS activities are expected to contribute to the achievement of three long-term outcomes: Figure 1, Logic Model - Aboriginal Justice Strategy. The Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy (ALSP) Group provides strategic policy support to the AJD. Since every AJS program is unique, it is challenging to establish an average cost per referral. In 2006, the Department of Justice’s Evaluation Division conducted case studies with 10 communities that have established community-based justice programs through AJS funding and that volunteered to participate in this process. This is especially important for those cases where the victims and offenders live in small or isolated communities. to assist Aboriginal people to assume greater responsibility for the administration of justice in their communities; to reflect and include Aboriginal values within the Canadian justice system; and. The signatories of the Agreement are committed to working together to improve Aboriginal justice outcomes, family and community safety, and reduce … With regards to Indigenous youth, there has been an even more significant decrease in admissions to provincial/territorial correctional services (both custody … A total of 63 individuals were interviewed. The AJS has undergone a series of renewals and expansions, culminating in the recent 2007 Budget announcement to renew the AJS until 2012. The value of having Aboriginal offenders participate in community-based justice programs is becoming increasingly recognized. Description of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy - Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. 4. Although there were many reasons why offenders would be referred to an AJS program but did not participate in that program, the two most common reasons for non-participation were (a) refusal by the Crown, the program, the victim or the offender, or, (b) the offender had moved away prior to program commencement. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Annual Report 2005-2006 Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Executive Summary. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system.  See Department of Justice (2002). This approach helps to increase a sense of responsibility for one’s actions and gives the individual a greater connection to their community. Through cost-sharing agreements with provinces and territories, the federal government covers up to 50 percent of contributions made toward Aboriginal community-based justice programs, such as diversion, pre-sentencing options, sentencing circles, family and civil mediation, or other related initiatives. As intended, Photovoice enabled the evaluators to perceive the world from the viewpoint of the community members—those who are most involved and impacted by the community-based justice programs. AJS community-based programs have a number of benefits on the communities they serve as well as diverting offenders from the mainstream justice system which include: In many of the cases examined, regardless of the AJS program model used, the impacts of the program extend beyond the principal participants. The AJS supports two key activities through grants and contributions, namely community-based justice programs and capacity building initiatives. The Department of Justice allocates most of its AJS funds to the funding of community-based justice programs. They included contributions from both the federal and provincial governments, and, in most cases, considered two recent fiscal years of activities and expenditures. ... primarily through an Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy, which is in the early stages of development. Date modified: 2017-02-10 Section menu About Us. To what extent is there a continuing need for the AJS? Using the same methodology, the comparable incarceration rate for non-Aboriginal persons is 117 per 100,000 adults.”. Experience, to date, indicates that community-based justice programs also respond to a variety of needs beyond dealing with criminal offences, such as: Close to 80% of community-based justice programs funded through AJS are diversion oralternative measures programs. Publications & Resources; In 2007, LAO began developing an Aboriginal Justice Strategy to help meet the needs of First Nations communities across Ontario. 1. To what extent are the AJS objectives aligned with Government of Canada priorities? Restrictions are in place to help slow the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) and save lives.For more information visit the … These activities operate jointly, supporting and complementing one another in meeting the overall objectives of the AJS. An Aboriginal community controlled justice sector Self-determination in the justice sector. The participation of other elements of the justice system was also identified to be critical to the success of the AJS. Table 1 shows the estimated recidivism rates for program participants and the comparison group at various points in time after participation in the program. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples issued a particularly disturbing conclusion on this issue: “The Canadian criminal justice system has failed the Aboriginal peoples of Canada – First Nations, Inuit and Métis people, on-reserve and off-reserve, urban and rural – in all territorial and governmental jurisdictions. A demographic bulge in the 15-24 age range for the Aboriginal population can partially account for higher crime rates as this age cohort is more likely to commit property and violent crime. Capacity building activities are intended to create awareness of the program at the community level, ensurethat program coordinators have the information and skills to effectively do their work, and that key partners in the main stream justice system understand and support the model. Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Appendix B: Summary of Case Studies. Justice Corrective Services A Strategy for supporting Aboriginal offenders. Within the study, offenders who participated in an AJS program are referred to throughout this summary as “program participants.” Offenders who did not participate in an AJS program are referred to as “comparison group members.” Criminal behaviour is defined in terms of criminal offences that result in convictions (or findings of guilt in the case of young offenders). Details of the findings of these studies follow. During that same year a trial involving suspects of the 1971 abduction and murder of Helen Osbourne (a young Cree woman) took place. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system. This average cost is based on provincial court expenditures (court expenditures, prosecution costs, and legal aid) from three jurisdictions in Canada relating to summary offence charges. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. The Aboriginal Justice Caucus, consisting of Aboriginal Elders and leaders, is leading the development of the first Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy, which will be informed by the work of the Koori Youth Justice Taskforce, led by the Commissioner for Aboriginal Children and … Over time, both federal and provincial governments have implemented initiatives to improve the ways in which the mainstream justice system responds to Aboriginal offenders.  Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. As a summative evaluation, this study focuses on the program’s rationale, results, and cost-effectiveness, but also covers a number of issues relating to program implementation. This is meant to allow for cultural sensitivities and more victim participation in the resolution of offences and allows the entire community to feel ownership of the process, which is meant to heal the community. In cases where victims have a role in the program, they are provided with an opportunity to face their offenders and for offenders to understand the impact of their actions. Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. The Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework (VAAF) is the government’s overarching framework that brings together government and Aboriginal community commitments and efforts to improve outcomes for Aboriginal Victorians. By taking cultural factors into consideration when dealing with criminality and by focussing on healing the community and offender rather than punishment, the justice process is seen as more relevant and responsive to Aboriginal communities’ needs. 688, par. As part of these studies, documents from each of the selected communities were reviewed and five individuals from each of the case study programs were interviewed, including justice coordinators, police officers, victims, offenders, justice committee members, city officials, Elders, prosecutors, probation officers, and defence counsel. As the table shows, recidivism rates are significantly lower among program participants at every point in time after completing the program. 2. Department of Justice,;] Home. Many Aboriginal communities have yet to implement these programs, and even where such programs exist, not all Aboriginal offenders who may benefit from these programs are able to access them.