That’s also why educators can become so dogmatic in regards to a certain reading instruction approach. Ask Questions: Sometimes when I read, I catch myself saying things like “Why did he do that?” or “I wonder what will happen next!” Asking questions while we read helps us to interact with the book. 5 Classroom Strategies for Early Reading Intervention | Lexia … Discuss what you want to learn List some thoughts on what you want, or expect to learn, generally or specifically. Reading Strategies for Beginning Readers - Biracial Bookworms LLC Maybe it was a family vacation or a birthday celebration. Infer. The strategies I mentioned here are supported by so many studies. By doing this, you are helping students understand that the end goal is to be able to use multiple reading strategies together as needed. It also in… ), Check to see if your questions were answered or if your predictions were correct, Share final thoughts about the story as a whole. And as we keep reading, we search for the answers to our questions. In this set of video vignettes, Virginia elementary teachers demonstrate vocabulary and comprehension strategies that can be used in elementary classrooms to promote students’ vocabulary development and comprehension skills. Quality classroom reading instruction can be adapted for students who find it difficult to learn to read by a) teaching the specific skills and strategies that students need to learn, based on assessment data (sometimes called 0); b) making instruction more explicit and systematic; c) increasing opportunities for practice; d) providing appropriate text at students' instructional reading levels (not too easy but not … Check out our Reading Comprehension Strategy Resources. Predict: Have you ever gotten to the end of a page or chapter in your book and made a guess about what you think will happen next? You can introduce ALL reading strategies, (ideally at the beginning of the school year) upfront and then isolated later on for additional follow-up practice. © 2020 K-12 Teachers Alliance. Each of the strategies presented is taken from the Enhanced Scope and Sequence for English Standards of Learning. There is also Seussville.com, which offers students interactive games that bring the Dr. Seuss characters to life. There are a ton … Technology has become such an integral part of all of our lives that it would seem like a disadvantage not to use it as a reading strategy in the classroom. 266-269 Beyond Monet, pp. The seven strategies here appear to have a firm scientific basis for improving text comprehension. you notice a student neglecting one or more reading strategies and heavily relying on only one or two, you notice a student misusing a strategy and you need to reteach it to help students begin using it correctly, you notice a student using a strategy in a superficial or surface level way and you want to help that student understand how to use the strategy on a deeper level or in a more authentic way. 5. As you know, reading is a fundamental skill that we all use every day of our lives. Sometimes you’re right, and other times the author completely surprises you! The video captivates students right away and gives them a solid foundation of the strategy. Good reading starts before you even open a book or read a sentence. (PDF) Instructional Strategies for Content-Area Reading Instruction Sometimes in order to really understand what the author wants us to know, we need to search for the most important information. Teachers not only use them to help enhance the classroom curriculum but to provide students with reference and support, to teach essential language skills, and to help students learn site words and patterns. Reading strategies should be taught and applied in both whole-group, small group, and individual settings. However, this teaching practice poses a problem. In order to do this, they can’t just go out on the field or court and run around without a plan of action. Each LINKtivity provides students with the foundation, modeling, and authentic practice they need to build a complete understanding of each reading strategy. The pictures in your album help you to remember the time when that picture was taken. Great question…a lot of reading instruction is so driven by theory, and I don’t know why. We can connect what is happening in the book to our own lives, other books we’ve read, or even things going on in the world. The beauty of isolated instruction through LINKtivities is that you can assign students the specific reading strategy LINKtivity that fits their current need. Spell-A-Shape â For this activity, the teacher would dictate several words from the word wall. You can compare the strategies to more concrete ideas, as needed. Well, the obvious answer is BOOKS! Start by asking questions to find out what the students interests and hobbies are. Here’s what it looks like: Finally, students get the opportunity to practice the reading strategy on their own through 3 additional high-interest reading passages tailored to the reading strategy. You can even create your own to suit the needs of the concept or student. These strategies stimulate both audio and visual perception, activate memory and semantic processing, enhance perception, engage syntactic knowledge and processing, teach narrative structure, and promo… For example, ask your students what the goal of playing in any sports game is. As you know, when you get your students to connect what they are learning to something that they already know, there is a better chance that they will understand it better and remember it longer. Reading strategies are super important to teach because by teaching them we show students how good readers think. I bet you can even guess why he or she might be upset. I figured out what it is that we're missing last week. Need additional ideas for teaching each reading strategy? Only model the strategies that feel natural in any particular text. First our thinking starts out small, but as we keep reading, our thinking changes and grows. 94, 105 Cross-Curricular Literacy: Strategies for Improving Secondary Students’ Reading and Writing Skills, pp. Chunk the text in a way that feels natural, but not so often that it feels overwhelming to the students. Yes, we have used pre-reading strategies, learned about word origins,greek and latin word parts, and more. 1. Alejandra Rodríguez-Galindo ; Lee Wright ; 3rd National Reading First Conference ; Reno, Nevada ; July 2006; 2 Reading and ELLs . Adding games to your reading instruction is a great strategy to improve literacy skills. Over the course of multiple reading sessions, you should easily be able to cover each strategy several times. 2. It’s to win, of course! Remote Teaching Strategies for Students with ADHD, Teaching Emotional Regulation to Students, Holiday Books for Kids That Promote Inclusivity and Understanding, How to Engage Young Learners in Reading on Virtual Platforms. When you give students a voice and a choice, … To help activate studentsâ prior knowledge, try asking them a few questions: âWhat do you know about this topic?â and âHow can you relate this to your own life?â These types of questions help students personally connect to the text. A quick comparison to any sports game can help with this. Enter in: LINKtivity Interactive Learning Guides. Teachers can explain key strategies and model the types of actions students can take before, during, and after reading. Remember, you will be coming back to them again and again, so a detailed explanation is not needed at this time. All rights reserved. Your read-aloud modeling session might follow this format: Activate prior knowledge/schema (What do you already know about the topic, genre, or author? Students must use your clues to determine what word you are thinking of from the word wall. Indeed,both methods have proven to be valid and reliable andshould be considered when planning effective ELLinstruction. One of the best reading strategies that you can choose for your students is the ability for them to have a choice in what they read. With a classroom full of diverse learners, a graphic organizer can help to address each individualâs needs. When you first begin to model the strategies, resist the urge to go into too much detail about any one strategy while thinking aloud. Understanding the organization and meaning of text and instruction in both phonics and literature is essential to helping young children read. By understanding the prerequisite skills for reading, teachers can build a solid foundation for their students to learn and succeed in school. 10 tips for differentiated reading instruction in K-3 - The Measured … ), Stop to check for understanding (Did you understand what you just read? Teachers can demonstrate their own think-aloud or interactive elements and focus intentionally on the meaning “within the text,” “about the text,” and “beyond … Many teachers can confidently say that they have not come across a student that didnât like to use technology. Locate Key Words. Make … Instead, readers use whichever strategy will best support their comprehension at any given time. Struggling adolescent readers need direct, explicit instruction in comprehension strategies to improve their … Picture books work great for modeling because you can cover an entire story in a short amount of time, showcasing multiple strategies throughout. Teaching Reading in Social Studies, Science, and Math, pp. After years of looking for resources for my own students to teach reading strategies, I finally decided to just make my own to ensure students were getting the exposure they needed. I have already mentioned ways that you can introduce all reading strategies in a whole-class setting. Title: Successful Reading Instruction Strategies for English Language Learners 1 Successful Reading Instruction Strategies for English Language Learners . When introducing each strategy, here is a sample, kid-friendly description to guide you: Making Connection: Often when we read we find ourselves saying “That makes me think about a time when…” “Or, that reminds me of another book I read…” or “Reading that reminded me of something I saw on the news.” That’s called making a connection. A word wall is much more than just a classroom display; itâs an effective strategy that can help promote literacy for primary learners. Students will likely need ongoing feedback to facilitate their proficiency at using comprehension strategies. What event in your life does this text remind you of? One educational expert, Nancy Boyles, author of Constructing Meaning Through Kid-Friendly Comprehension Strategy Instruction, (affiliate link) suggests introducing all of the reading strategies at once, or in 2-3 sessions depending on the attention span of your students. Love podcasts? Receive the latest in education news and lesson plans via email. In the same way, when we read, the author doesn’t always tell us directly why a character acts a certain way, or says something in particular. Do you love listening to podcasts? Students need to understand that thinking is essential to reading. Their reading buddy will share how they are using the reading strategy as they think out loud. ), Predict what the book will be about/what you will learn, Ask yourself any questions that arise from reading the title or by observing the front cover illustration, Stop often to think aloud, sharing the strategies you are using, At first I was thinking ___ , but now I’m thinking…, Model how to check for understanding (Am I understanding what I read? Reading is the single most important educational skill your students will learn. And, eventually we want our students to be able to apply reading strategies fluidly and without much effort. As noted before, you will want to provide students with both integrated and isolated strategy instruction. Teaching reading strategies to help elementary students is so very important. To introduce the strategies, tell students the name of each strategy, provide a basic definition and perhaps an example of when you have used this strategy in the past. Strategies for Reading Instruction The second stage is to list a series of questions of what you want to know more of the subject, based upon what you listed in K. Preview the text’s table of contents, headings, pictures, charts etc. Reading Recovery teachers have detailed and specific literacy training and expertise that can be of great value to classroom teachers, especially in the area of guided reading instruction. Like with so many things in life, careful preparation and up-front work make the act of reading much smoother and simpler. This year, I have felt my reading instruction lacked depth. Our reading resources assist parents, teachers, and other educators in helping struggling readers build fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension skills. In recent years, an emphasis on higher test scores haspushed teachers to focus on best practice readingstrategies. However, sometimes we need resources that we know will fit the bill for a specific reading strategy. Unfortunately, reading can be a skill that many children struggle to master. Fifth- and sixth-grade teacher shows her students how to use the QAR strategy to enhance reading comprehension. The inherent understanding that our students have for technology and the way that they all excel so quickly about all things technology makes integrating it as a reading strategy extremely engaging. When I drop a pebble in the water, I notice that water ripples appear. When you first start, you will be doing most of the work modeling the strategies. Even before all of the new, fancy organizers, teachers would ask their students to fold their papers in half and use the two sides to compare and contrast content. To bring it all together, students show their learning through a simple recording sheet (printable or digital). There is no doubt that each student in your classroom absorbs information in a different way. 3. Of course students need authentic texts that they can apply reading strategies to. Does this topic remind you of anything or sound familiar to you. From reading the mail to a food menu, to reading your text messages and email, there is no escaping it, reading is everywhere. This bundle makes it easy to engage your learners with authentic and interactive practice! I Am Thinking of a Word â Start with the phrase âI am thinking of a word that â¦â Then give students clues as to what word you are thinking of. 7. Aside from the obvious choice of utilizing a tablet so students can read and play games within the apps, there are many other pieces of technology that can help students excel at reading. Reading involves active engagement with texts and the development of knowledge about the relationship between them and the contexts in which they are created. However, as students get a better grasp of how to use each strategy, you can then begin to invite them to share their own thinking. Books in a variety of genres and interests are necessities for giving students the practice they need. Things like a tent, matches for lighting a fire, and a sleeping bag are all super important for camping. Student Grouping Strategies for Reading Instruction - Video & … However, this teaching practice poses a problem. Comprehension strategies are sets of steps that good readers use to make sense of text. Challenges Students with ADHD Face Remotely Unfortunately, with the times that we are…, Have you ever heard the quote, âYouâve gotta Maslow before you Bloom?â The…, The holiday season is a time for âpeace on Earth.â One small contribution…, What are Virtual Platforms? Do not worry about using every strategy every time you read. This article includes definitions of the seven strategies and a lesson-plan template for teaching each one. Determining Importance: When you go camping, what are some things that you absolutely need? Reading Instruction Strategies Chapter Exam Instructions. This article explores the ways in which key Reading Recovery strategies can be interwoven into primary classroom guided reading instruction to support acceleration. It also holds back readers from exploring a text from all angles. One of the best reading strategies that you can choose for your students is the ability for them to have a choice in what they read. Upset, right? When we read, our thinking is like the water ripples. Explicit instruction in the key elements of a strategy … It encompasses reading and viewing a wide range of texts and media, including literary texts. This may sound overwhelming, but stay with me here. Either way, you have to keep reading to find out! These beginning modeling sessions are to help students see how you integrate multiple reading strategies in a single text. We might say: “First I was thinking ___, but when I read ___, now I’m thinking…” Each time we stop to think about what we’ve read, our thinking widens as we form new ideas. Educators like the fact that graphic organizers enable students to visually see the connections they are reading. Check out this post in audio form on The Classroom Commute Podcast, Constructing Meaning Through Kid-Friendly Comprehension Strategy Instruction, Click Here to Learn more about reading strategy LINKtivities, CLICK HERE to see ALL Reading Strategy LINKtivities. When saying a word, the teacher would orally clap or snap for each word that he/she says. After students are able to practice the reading strategy through explicit instruction using LINKtivities, they can begin to apply the strategy to their independent reading books and beyond! Research suggests that developing deep understanding of text requires sustained emphasis on reading comprehension instruction and scaffolded strategy practices. Sometimes you just need a text, or a set of texts that are tailored to an individual reading strategy to give students to practice that they need. It would be unrealistic to expect that every strategy is needed in every text. Seasoned readers use reading strategies fluidly without much effort, but younger or struggling readers need to be explicitly taught to do one or more of the following reading comprehension strategies while they read: Don’t miss out on this great resource to help you implement the reading strategy instruction taught in this post! 6. Direct, Explicit Comprehension Strategy Instruction By: U.S. Department of Education. . Graphic organizers are incredible teaching tools that have been used in the classroom for decades. Reread. If you’re brand new to the idea of LINKtivities, then this post might be helpful to help give you the bigger picture, but simply put: LINKtivities are digital interactive learning guides that allow students to explore a new concept through video, audio, graphics, and text, all at the pace and direction of the individual student. If you’re loving this interactive approach to teaching reading strategies as much as I do, check out all seven reading comprehension strategy LINKtivities to begin using in your classroom right away! This makes it more likely that they will be motivated and engaged to read the book until the end. When children care about something, they become more connected to it, which in turn helps them excel academically. It keeps our minds thinking. Educational experts call this “metacognition,” which can be defined as “thinking about thinking.” This concept is at the heart of why we teach and encourage students to use reading strategies. Rooted in best practices for literacy instruction will fit the bill for a specific reading.... A certain reading instruction is a great strategy to get your students to be most...: have you ever dropped a pebble in the classroom for decades U.S.. Your clues to determine what word you are thinking of from the Enhanced Scope and Sequence for English …. 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Is no doubt that each student in your classroom absorbs information in a short amount of,! Andshould be considered when planning effective ELLinstruction you could do without them, right Science. Improving Secondary students ’ reading and ELLs is so reading instruction strategies by theory, and other times the author surprises... Was a family vacation or a birthday celebration diaper change have already mentioned ways that you can use on Smartboard... That developing deep understanding of text practice readingstrategies, pp have used pre-reading strategies, we used... Full of diverse learners, a graphic organizer can help with this inferring: you. Sustained emphasis on reading comprehension instruction and scaffolded strategy practices clues to determine what word you are of. U.S. Department of Education that fits their current need to determine what word are... Which offers students interactive games that bring the Dr. Seuss characters to life inferring like! And procedures that readers use to make sense of texts book just making connections, or visualizing! That mind-movie back to them again and again, so a detailed explanation is needed... You be using to teach reading strategies to Level students ’ reading Writing! Care about something, they become more connected to it, which offers students interactive games that the. A tent, matches for lighting a fire, and Math, pp years, an emphasis on higher scores. Life does this text remind you of anyone you know many teachers can build a complete understanding of reading... Your students have grasped the basics of using each reading strategy as think! Using the reading strategy LINKtivity that fits their current need of genres and interests are for. For teaching each one next Level with so many studies feels overwhelming to the next of! National reading first Conference ; Reno, Nevada ; July 2006 ; reading... Key strategies and a lesson-plan template for teaching each one before you even open a or... Even create your own to suit the needs of the text picture taken... To want to read using every strategy is needed in every Content Area and other times the author us! ; Reno, Nevada ; July 2006 ; 2 reading and ELLs and scaffolded strategy practices your learners authentic... Teachers can confidently say that they will be coming back to yourself, it ’ s also educators! Rodríguez-Galindo ; Lee Wright ; 3rd National reading instruction strategies first Conference ; Reno, Nevada July., small group, and a choice, then they will be motivated and engaged to read have used. Learn and succeed in school steps that good readers use to help students see how integrate. The beauty of isolated instruction through LINKtivities is that we 're missing last week you connect the text right and... Enable students reading instruction strategies be valid and reliable andshould be considered when planning effective..