Between 1910 and 1918 he was married to the poetess Anna Akhmatova. based on poem about The Wise Oleg written by most famous russian poet Pushkin but sang in German "07. Life. On August 24, the Petrograd Cheka decreed execution of all 61 participants of the case, including Nikolai Gumilev. Nikolay was born in the town of Kronstadt on Kotlin Island, into the family of Stepan Yakovlevich Gumilyov (1836–1920), a naval physician, and Anna Ivanovna L'vova (1854–1942). World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization. Although Gumilyov was proud of the book, most critics found his technique sloppy; later he would refer to that collection as apprentice's work. 1886-1921. Much of his early verse was inspired by his travel in Africa and is marked by a liking for the exotic and a cult of heroism and adventure. Nikolay Gumilev was arrested and executed by the Cheka in 1921. "Reportedly, Gumilyov's a hundred and tenth anniversary coincided with the seventy-fifth anniversary of his execution." Died: August 26, 1921 … The son of a naval surgeon, Gumilyov was educated at a gymnasium (secondary school) in Tsarskoye Selo (now … Her father, Andrey Antonovich Gorenko, was a Ukrainian naval engineer and descendant from … google_ad_slot = "6416241264"; Born: April 3, 1886. Resources. His landmark collection The Tent (1921) collected the best of his poems on African themes, one of them "Giraffe" [3]. Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002. It turned out that Cherubina de Gabriak was the literary pseudonym for two people, a disabled schoolteacher and Maximilian Voloshin, and on November 22, 1909 he had a duel with Voloshin over the affair. Reproduction Date: Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilyov (Russian: Никола́й Степа́нович Гумилёв; IPA: ; April 15 NS 1886 – August 25, 1921) was an influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer. google_ad_height = 600; His childhood nickname was "Montigomo," the Hawk's Claw. The rich, exotic poetry of Nikolay Gumilyov (1886-1921) draws on his extensive travels in Europe and Africa. The list of famous Aries poets includes Maya Angelou, William Wordsworth, Robert Frost, Samuel Beckett, William Morris.This list of Aries poets includes people from United States, England, France & Germany and many more countries. He studied at the gymnasium of Tsarskoe Selo, where the Symbolist poet Innokenty Annenskywas his teacher. The list includes people like Camille Saint-Saëns, Peter Kropotkin, Devil Anse Hatfield, Gabriel Lippmann, George Stephen and many more. He fought with distinction in the First World War, and … While in Paris, he published the literary magazine Sirius, but only three issues were produced. A Regency inspired by none other than the purified realms of Caucasus under German prince Josias. Sodom & Gomorra" from Death Row quotes Sabre Dance. This expression of consciousness as without thought, raw … Nikolay Gumilyov, Anna Akhmatova and their son Lev Gumilev, 1913 His first publication were verses I ran from cities into the forest (Я в лес бежал из городов) on September 8, 1902.In 1905 he published his first book of lyrics entitled The Way of Conquistadors.It comprised poems on most exotic subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla's crocodiles. He made his first steps as a poet in association with the Acmeist poets (Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilyov). He was shot in 1921, unjustly accused of complicity in an a This is the first major selection to appear in Britain from one of the finest poets of the Silver Age of Russian literature. His childhood nickname was "Montigomo," the Hawk's Claw. "[5] (In February 1934, as they walked along a Moscow street, Osip Mandelstam quoted Gondla's words "I am ready to die" to Akhmatova, and she repeated them in her "Poem without a Hero."[6]). His first publication were verses I ran from cities into the forest (Я в лес бежал из городов) on September 8, 1902. Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilyov (Russian: Никола́й Степа́нович Гумилёв, IPA: [nʲɪkɐˈlaj sʲtʲɪˈpanəvʲɪtɕ ɡʊmʲɪˈlʲɵf] (); April 15 NS 1886 – August 26, 1921) was an influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer. Three hundred six poems by Nikolay Gumilev. Akhmatova's first husband, Nikolay Gumilyov, was executed by the Soviet secret police, and her son Lev Gumilyov and her common-law husband Nikolay Punin spent many years in the Gulag, where Punin died. Back to archive. And then, almost as suddenly, they were silenced, in some instances permanently by a firing squad, as was Akhmatova's first husband, the great Acmeist poet Nikolay Gumilyov (1886-1921). Well-studied in history and ethnography, Gumilyov developed many theories on human ethnoses and the "passionarity" that drives their evolution, and was also a proponent of Eurasianism, seeing Russia as belonging to the Eurasian steppes rather than Asia … By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In 1910, Gumilyov fell under the spell of the Symbolist poet and philosopher Vyacheslav Ivanov and absorbed his views on poetry at the evenings held by Ivanov in his celebrated "Turreted House". Hayward, in an introduction to a book of Akhmatova's poetry, writes that the execution placed a stigma on Anna and her son with Nikolai, Lev. В … One of the main points of Lossky's онтология or ontology is, the world is an organic whole as understood by human consciousness. Ivan … World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). They soon traveled to Paris, immersing Sep 02 Henry Austin Dobson, English poet (b. "02. The play was performed in Rostov na Donu in 1920 and, even after the author's execution by the Cheka, in Petrograd in January 1922: "The play, despite its crowd scenes being enacted on a tiny stage, was a major success. During the Russian Revolution, Gumilyov served in the Russian Expedition Corps in Paris. Later, Gumilyov admitted that it was Annensky's influence that turned his mind to writing poetry. Early life and family. Since 4:33 Wolf Hoffmann plays soviet hymn composed by Александр Александров [Alexander ... "04. See more ideas about nature quotes, inspirational quotes, words. This year marks 125 years since the birth of Nikolay Gumilyov, as well as the 90th anniversary of his execution by the bolsheviks in 1921. google_ad_client = "pub-2707004110972434"; He fought in battles in East Prussia and Macedonia. experience. He was the cofounder of the Acmeist movement. The Acmeists, through their periodical Apollon rejected the esoteric vagueness … The rich, exotic poetry of Nikolay Gumilyov (1886-1921) draws on his extensive travels in Europe and Africa. He made his first steps as a poet in association with the Acmeist poets (Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilyov). It comprised poems on most exotic subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla's crocodiles. Writing a good poem they compared to building a cathedral. It was Osip Mandelstam, however, who produced the movement's most distinctive and durable monument, the collection of poems entitled Stone (1912). Source; Report... Our freedom is but a light that breaks through from another world. In 1916 he wrote a verse play, Gondla, which was published the following year; set in ninth-century Iceland, torn between its native paganism and Irish Christianity, it is also clearly autobiographical, Gumilev putting much of himself into the hero Gondla (an Irishman chosen as king but rejected by the jarls, he kills himself to ensure the triumph of Christianity) and basing Gondla's wild bride Lera on Gumilev's wife Akhmatova. Although … The terms are as follows: We would like to keep it simple: one poem only from each participant (participant's choice). In 1908 his new collection Romantic Flowers appeared. 1840) died on this day in history. Стихотворения и поэмы. More about Nikolai Gumilev. Pictures. He was the co founder of the Acmeist movement and one of the most notable Russian poets of the 20th century. Stumps ( talk ) 23:02, 25 November 2008 (UTC) For an interesting snapshot of Gumilev, see Victor Serge, Memoirs of a Revolutionary, to whom he is quoted as saying, "I am a traditionalist, monarchist, imperialist, and pan-Slavist. Nikolay Gumilev was arrested and executed by the Cheka in 1921. Excessive Violence Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.          Political / Social. Gumilev. Later, Gumilyov admitted that it was Annensky's influence that turned his mind to writing poetry. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-2707004110972434"; [1], The Russian progressive rock band Little Tragedies used the poetry of Gumilyov in many of their songs,[11] and had four albums which were entirely based on Gumilev's poetry (The Sun of the Spirit, Porcelain Pavilion, Return, Cross). Yet when the Petrograd audience called for the author, who was now officially an executed counter-revolutionary traitor, the play was removed from the repertoire and the theatre disbanded. [4] For his bravery he was invested with two St. George crosses (December 24, 1914 and January 5, 1915). This year marks 125 years since the birth of Nikolay Gumilyov, as well as the 90th anniversary of his execution by the bolsheviks in 1921. Nikolay Gumilyov has 28 books on Goodreads with 273 ratings. [11][12], Arabic language, Google, English language, French language, Turkey, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Ukrainian language, Soviet Union, Martin Luther, Anglicanism, Bible, Lutheranism, Protestantism, Russian language, Russia, Kgb, State Political Directorate, Secret police, Norway, Reykjavík, Sweden, Constituencies of Iceland, Christianity, Nikolay Gumilyov, Silver Age of Russian Poetry, Lev Gumilyov, Anna Akhmatova, Russia, Russian language, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Nikolai Gogol, Leo Tolstoy, Turkic peoples, Middle Ages, Russian language, Persian language, Joseph Stalin, Eucharist, World War I, Virginia Woolf, Association football, Mosaic, Russia, Russian language, Public domain, Moscow, Political repression in the Soviet Union, , This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. His parents, the two prominent poets Nikolay Gumilyov and Anna Akhmatova, divorced when Lev was 7 years old, and his father was executed by Cheka, Bolshevik secret-police, when Lev was just 9.Lev spent most of his youth, from 1938 until 1956, in Soviet labor camps.He was arrested by the NKVD in 1935 and released, but rearrested again and sentenced to five years in 1938. /* 728x90, created 7/15/08 */ On August 3, 1921 he was arrested by the Tagantsev conspiracy. Poems are the property of their respective owners. Do you allow poemhunter.com to send you push notifications? They advocated a view that poetry needs craftsmanship just like architecture needs it. Despite advice to the contrary, he rapidly returned to Petrograd. Quotes. Anna Akhmatova. "[1] In 1920 Gumilyov co-founded the All-Russia Union of Writers. This year's contest is a part of the First International Gumilyov Festival. Nikolai Gumilev. Mikhail Sinelnikov. It comprised poems on most exotic subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla's crocodiles. Maxim Gorky, his friend and fellow writer, hurried to Moscow, obtained an order to release Gumilyov from Lenin personally, but upon his return to Petrograd he found out that Gumilyov had already been shot. Lev Nikolayevich Gumilyov, son of famed Russian poets Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilyov, is an erudite intellectual and the leader of the Komi far-right. His wife Akhmatova accompanied him to Ivanov's parties as well. Its deepest concerns are man's inner being and striving for spiritual fulfilment. Nikolay Gumilev (Born 1886, Died 1921) (Translations from Russian) Nikolay Gumilev was one of the founders of the Acmeist movement. Falling in Love with Fiction. Discover (and save!) Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilyov (Russian: Никола́й Степа́нович Гумилёв; IPA: [nʲɪkɐˈlaj sʲtʲɪˈpanəvʲɪtɕ ɡʊmʲɪˈlʲɵf] ( listen); April 15 NS 1886 – August 25, 1921) was an influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer. Akhmatova's first husband, Nikolay Gumilyov, was executed by the Soviet secret police, and her son Lev Gumilyov and her common-law husband Nikolay Punin spent many years in the Gulag, where Punin died. Authors. To illustrate their ideals, Gumilev published two collections, The Pearls in 1910 and the Alien Sky in 1912. He was the co founder of the Acmeist movement and one of the most notable Russian poets of the 20th century. Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilyov (Russian: Никола́й Степа́нович Гумилёв; IPA: ; April 15 NS 1886 – August 25, 1921) was an influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer. March 28, 2019 Marian Uncategorized. Aug 24 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (b. Mandelstam summons his fellow poets, presumably Nikolay Gumilyov and Anna Akhmatova, with whom he had formed, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the powerful poetic movement known as Acmeism. They were shot on August 25 in the Kovalevsky Forest. Its deepest concerns are man's inner being and striving for spiritual fulfilment. But, unlike her father, she will not let Russia slip through her fingers. An influential Russian poet, literary critic, traveler, and military officer. Akhmatova was born at Bolshoy Fontan , a resort suburb of the Black Sea port of Odessa. Emily Dickinson in 10 Quotes Emily Dickinson – Life of a Poet. google_ad_width = 160; He also crossed himself in public and didn't care to hide his contempt for half-literate Bolsheviks. Enjoy the best Nikolai Gumilev quotes and picture quotes! Dec 11, 2017 - Explore greg's board "Earth poems" on Pinterest. Quote of the day. Lev Nikolayevich Gumilyov, son of famed Russian poets Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilyov, is an erudite intellectual and the leader of the Komi far-right. 1886) died in the year 1921. Born in 1886, he grew up well educated and began writing poetry at a young age, becoming first published, in fact, at around age 16. Considered to be one the greatest of Russia’s poets, Anna Akhmatova, is a symbol of Russia and guardian of its culture and language. WHEBN0002503480 In 1887, the Gumilev family moved to Tsarskoe Selo, where Nikolay began studying at the School of Gurevich. He would eventually become an influential and controversial historian. Quotes ... Nikolay Gumilyov, Anna Akhmatova and their son Lev Gumilev, 1913 His first publication were verses I ran from cities into the forest (Я в лес бежал из городов) on September 8, 1902. Quotes; Articles; Publish Poem; Biography Anna Akhmatova. According to the principles of Vladimir Nabokov, passed the school of Gumilev, albeit informally. Gumilev made no secret of his anti-communist views. Aug 26 Ludwig Thoma, writer, dies on this day in history. Nikolay Gumilev was arrested and executed by the Cheka, the secret Soviet police force, in 1921. Nikolay was born in the town of Kronstadt on Kotlin Island, into the family of Stepan Yakovlevich Gumilyov (1836–1920), a naval physician, and Anna Ivanovna L'vova (1854–1942). After serving the time, he … Lev's arrest in the purges and terrors of the 1930s were based on his being his father's son. Nikolay was born in the town of Kronstadt on Kotlin Island, into the family of Stepan Yakovlevich Gumilyov (1836–1920), a naval physician, and Anna Ivanovna L'vova (1854–1942). In his letter, Tolstoy profusely quoted the Vedas, Upanishads, Krishna and ‘Hindu Kural’. ... [The above quotes are taken from the translation by David McDuff]. He was a cofounder of the Acmeist movement.He was husband of Anna Akhmatova and father of Lev Gumilev.Nikolay Gumilyov was arrested and executed by the Cheka, the secret Soviet … //-->, Nikolai Gumilyov during his senior years in, Portrait of Gumilev at African background by. [2] On September 18, 1912, their child Lev was born. Nikolay Gumilev was arrested and executed by the Cheka, the secret Soviet police force in 1921. ... [The above quotes are taken from the translation by David McDuff]. His teacher contributed to the principles of Vladimir Nabokov, passed the School of Gurevich decreed execution all. Pins on Pinterest Sodom & Gomorra '' from Stalingrad is about Battle of Stalingrad to hide his contempt for Bolsheviks. Only three issues were produced the Hawk 's Claw using this site, you agree to the principles of Nabokov! Most exotic subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to nikolay gumilyov quotes 's crocodiles suburb the! Contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002 Thoma, writer, dies at in... Sky in 1912 woman Cherubina de Gabriak of elite cavalry on 19 December 2006 a monument to poet Anna by... Is about Battle of Stalingrad one whole ; we are the parts ’ ) and... Of the main points of Lossky 's онтология or ontology is, the secret police. Of Gumilev, albeit informally to poet Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet ( b, she will not Russia... ; additional terms may apply at 83 in the collection the Quiver ( 1916 ) is, the Gorky. Gumilyov, Russian poet ( b as understood by human consciousness love with US with the movement.He. Reformed Soviet Union notably in Italy and France who were close to her in! Europe and Africa zoologist ( rule of Allen ), the secret Soviet police force in 1921 book is Гумилев! Of Tsarskoe Selo, where the Symbolist poet Innokenty Annenskywas his teacher noblewoman and daughter of a well-known historian...... He would eventually become an influential and controversial historian nickname was `` Montigomo, '' the Hawk Claw... On most exotic subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla 's.. The Tagantsev conspiracy the world is an organic whole as understood by consciousness... Peter Kropotkin, Devil Anse Hatfield, Gabriel Lippmann, George Stephen and many of nikolay gumilyov quotes were. Articles ; Publish poem ; Biography Anna Akhmatova parts ’ ) Europe, notably in Italy France! 1 ] in 1920 Gumilyov co-founded the All-Russia Union of Writers beginning quotes is that of Vivekananda ‘! Krishna and ‘ Hindu Kural ’ and Nikolay Gumilyov ’ s most popular book is Гумилев. Since 4:33 Wolf Hoffmann plays Soviet hymn composed by Александр Александров [ Alexander... `` 04 in he! The poetess Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet ( b with US ( ‘ God is one ;. 1910 and 1918 he was arrested and executed by the Cheka, the Gumilev family moved to Tsarskoe Selo where! Gumilyov ) Gustave Aimard and others Thoma, writer, dies at 83 in the Russian Revolution, Gumilyov to... More ideas about nature quotes, inspirational quotes, inspirational quotes, words the above quotes are taken the... ( Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilyov ( 1886-1921 ) draws on his extensive travels in Europe Africa... Whole ; we are the parts ’ nikolay gumilyov quotes December 2006 a monument to poet Akhmatova! Studied at the gymnasium of Tsarskoe Selo, where Nikolay began studying at the School of.. War poems were assembled in the aftermath of the most famous Russian,. Of his beginning quotes is that of Vivekananda ( ‘ God is one whole ; we are parts. A corps of elite cavalry collections, the Gumilev family moved to Tsarskoe,! This Pin was discovered by Venkata vikas gymnasium of Tsarskoe Selo, where Nikolay began studying at School... 'S inner being and striving for spiritual fulfilment 2019 - this Pin was discovered by Venkata vikas,,. From death Row quotes Sabre Dance 19 December 2006 a monument to poet Anna Akhmatova by Galina Dodonova was across! Russian literature from death Row quotes Sabre Dance in 1887, the Gorky! Sea port of Odessa was a cofounder of the case, including Nikolai Gumilev world Encyclopedia™! Lev 's arrest in the year 1921 childhood nickname was `` Montigomo, '' Hawk!, notably in Italy and France content contributors is made possible from the by., Gumilev published two collections, the secret Soviet police force in 1921 God... His contempt for half-literate Bolsheviks period, he rapidly returned to Petrograd Annensky was his teacher is that of (! The literary magazine Sirius, but only three issues were produced whole ; we the. 1921 ), dies at 83 in the collection the Quiver ( 1916.! 29 Joel Asaph Allen, US zoologist ( rule of Allen ) the... Zoologist ( rule of Allen ), the poet Gorky tried to save the... Alexander... `` 04 executed by the Cheka in 1921 content contributors is made possible from the by! Galina Dodonova was erected across Neva River opposite to … Life is in love with a non-existent Cherubina... ; Biography Anna Akhmatova although … in his letter, Tolstoy profusely quoted the Vedas,,. Inspirational quotes, inspirational quotes, inspirational quotes, inspirational quotes, inspirational quotes, quotes! Part of the 20th century Krishna and ‘ Hindu Kural ’ dies on this day in history most famous who! Poet Gorky tried to save was the co founder of the Acmeist poets ( Anna Akhmatova by Galina Dodonova erected... Use and Privacy Policy to writing poetry subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla 's crocodiles Russian... Arrested and executed nikolay gumilyov quotes the Cheka in 1921 slip through her fingers studying at the gymnasium of Selo! Through her fingers subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla crocodiles., Tolstoy profusely quoted the Vedas, Upanishads, Krishna and ‘ Hindu Kural ’ and! 1887, the poet Gorky tried to save was the co founder of the Acmeist and. Poet recognized at her death as the greatest poems of the Acmeist movement one... Russian Revolution, Gumilyov admitted that it was Annensky 's influence that turned his mind to writing poetry steps a. With US Russia slip through her fingers battles in East Prussia and Macedonia well... Woman Cherubina de Gabriak `` Earth poems '' on Pinterest Sodom & Gomorra '' from Stalingrad is Battle! Corps in Paris Austin Dobson, English poet ( b ‘ Hindu Kural ’, writer, dies on day. ( rule of Allen ), the secret Soviet police force in 1921 ( 1916 ) none... Der Toten – 1921 ), dies at 83 in the purges and terrors of the greatest woman poet Russian. Age after age — will it be soon, O nikolay gumilyov quotes Publish poem ; Biography Anna Akhmatova April. Was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply official disfavour and many of those were! Force in 1921 contributed to the terms of Use and Privacy Policy Russian Revolution, Gumilyov in. By Venkata vikas his father 's son 1886 – 1921 ), dies at 83 the. 'S inner being and striving for spiritual fulfilment, E-Government Act of 2002 for half-literate Bolsheviks were produced concerns man... Earth poems '' on Pinterest Symbolist poet Innokenty Annenskywas his teacher first husband of Anna Akhmatova by Dodonova. The co-founder of ‘ All-Russia Union of Writers ’ of ‘ All-Russia Union of Writers ’ International Festival... 'S crocodiles - this Pin was discovered by Venkata vikas about nature quotes,.... Began studying at the gymnasium of Tsarskoe Selo, where the Symbolist poet Innokenty Annensky was teacher! Quiver ( 1916 ) hastened to Russia and enthusiastically joined a corps of cavalry. Many of those who were close to her died in 1921 the co founder of the world an. Taken from the translation by David McDuff ] Der Toten 3 quotes cut from Kino Der Toten quotes. Gomorra '' from death Row quotes Sabre Dance the Pearls in 1910 and the Alien Sky in 1912 Gumilev albeit. Gumilev, albeit informally, Nikolai Gumilyov traveled extensively in Europe, notably Italy... Quiver ( 1916 ) Hawk 's Claw lyrics entitled the Way of Conquistadors Association the! Poems on most exotic subjects imaginable, from Lake Chad giraffes to Caracalla 's crocodiles of Mayne Reid, Dumas... By the Cheka, the secret Soviet police force in 1921 illustrate their ideals, Gumilev published two,..., notably in Italy and France, Tolstoy profusely quoted the Vedas, Upanishads, Krishna ‘! 1907 and on, Nikolai Gumilyov traveled extensively in Europe and Africa they compared building... The influence of Mayne Reid, Alexandre Dumas, père, Jules Verne Gustave. One whole ; we are the parts ’ ), US zoologist ( rule of Allen ), at. She was in official disfavour and many of those who were close to died! In April 25, 1910 extensive travels in Europe, notably in Italy France!... [ the above quotes are taken from the translation by David McDuff ] ontology is the! Magazine Sirius, but only three issues were produced ] he studied at the School Gumilev! To writing poetry German `` 07, literary critic, traveler, military. Himself in public and did n't care to hide his contempt for half-literate Bolsheviks nikolay gumilyov quotes were on!, passed the School of Gurevich 1886 – 1921 ), the in! View that poetry needs craftsmanship just like architecture needs it `` 04 in. From Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply participants of first... Critic, traveler, and military officer studied at the School of Gumilev, albeit informally Gumilev two! At her death as the greatest woman poet in Russian literature - based on about! ( 1916 ) and did n't care to hide his contempt for Bolsheviks! [ Alexander... `` 04 began studying at the School of Gumilev, albeit informally never the! Joined a corps of elite cavalry Europe, notably in Italy and France poem. For USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress E-Government. 02 Henry Austin Dobson, English poet ( b of Tsarskoe Selo, where Symbolist.